Candida fungus can cause oral thrush, which is a condition where there is an overgrowth of this microbial fungus inside the oral cavity leading to an infection with observable symptoms.
Candida infection in mouth can result in such an infection due to a number of underlying factors, which contribute to the increase in the probability of suffering from this condition.
Oral thrush is relatively common in small children but can also occur in adults in case the conditions are ideal for an overgrowth of the fungus within the oral cavity.
An additional name for candida is usually: ‘Yeast infection’. Around the human body there is a good balance of different bacteria’s that we have, and the numbers of are in controlled amounts. Whenever the candida bacteria out-numbers other bacteria’s in the oral cavity, that is the time when signs of Candida in mouth will appear.
Wrongly fitted false teeth have been found to be a contributing factor towards candida overgrowth in the mouth. False teeth that don’t fit accurately may damage the actual mucous membranes on the gums, that allows a path for Candida to access.
In many cases, this particular balance could be upset while using antiviral medication like antibiotics or even when one develops illnesses like diabetes, and cancer or at an elderly age. But individuals that wear false teeth are always going to be MORE susceptible to Oral Candida.
Oral thrush is most prevalent in people suffering from various disease and health conditions that have resulted in a weakened immune system. Thus, people with full-blown AIDS or severe diabetes are at a heightened risk of suffering from this condition.
Moreover, it can occur in people using corticosteroids or birth control pills which tend to disrupt the normal hormonal balance within the body. Moreover, it can strike women who are pregnant.
Oral sex could also be a contributing factor for Candida overgrowing in the mouth, this becomes more the case when the partner has vaginal or penile Candida, or if one is often changing partners regularly.
Finally, smoking is a habit, which can put a person in risk of suffering from this infection, particularly because of the dryness of mouth that is common among smokers. All these groups form the part of the population that is most susceptible of suffering from overgrowth of Candida yeast infection in mouth.
The most common symptom of oral thrush is the presence of slightly raised lesions, which are milky white in color inside the oral cavity. These lesions are most frequent on the inside of the cheek, and on the tongue.
Apart from those areas, these lesions could also be present on the roof of the mouth, as well as, gums or tonsils. Moreover, it can also spread to the back of the throat (yeast infection in throat) and the esophagus, in which case it could cause considerable difficulty or even pain while swallowing.
From the thrush in throat, candida carries the risk of spreading to other organs such as lungs, liver and kidney, and this threat is a possibility for those with impaired immune functions because of cancer, or HIV infection among other reasons. Thus, an overgrowth of Candida in mouth poses quite serious a health threat in many people.
It is possible to treat oral thrush effectively with the help of antifungal medications, which comes in the form of lozenges, tablets, and liquids. Following a course for one to two week is going to be long enough to take care of most instances of oral thrush.
Apart from opting for the antifungal medications, people can also follow certain preventive measure not to provide the Candida yeast a chance to cause the infection. Kicking out the smoking addiction and maintaining good dental hygiene are some of the most effective practices for preventing overgrowth of Candida yeast infection in mouth. Moreover, limiting on the amount of sugar-laced food items is also going to be quite helpful in keeping any impending Candida overgrowth at bay.
People with a poor immune systems may require further care to treat their candida, in which case Anti-fungal medicines may be prescribed by the doctor for the course of 10 to 14 days. But this may be extended further for more saviour cases. All these drugs can be purchased in lozenges, tablets and even liquid format. Your general practitioner could have a certain remedy strategy depending on your actual age along with the cause on the yeast infection. Thrush in the mouth can also be a sign associated with some other medical problems as well.
Gargling warm salt water 3 times every day (half tea-spoon salt in warm water)
Drinking rosemary tea (Simply submerge rosemary stems into hot water, leave for few minutes and then drink it)
Gargling tea tree oil in water (add a few drop into water)
If the thrush in the mouth just isn’t reducing, you could try taking some probiotics and bio yoghurt together with honey.
To improve your body’s defense mechanisms, eating fresh fruits and raw vegetables, along with light exercise can certainly help.
Thus, oral thrush caused by overgrowth of Candida yeast in mouth is one of the more common oral care problems, which people can avert by following good oral and health practices, and relying upon proper diagnosis and prompt treatment.
A 2009 study on PubMed revealed oral Candida yeast infection was found to prevail in several cases of organ transplant patients, exposing them to greater risk. The study targeted oropharyngeal candidiasis and the oral carrier status, Candida titers and species. Samples of oral mucosa and saliva revealed colony formation. Of the 90 transplant cases and 72 controls, Candida albicans was detected in a high number of kidney and heart transplant patients cases (see table 1), however a wider range of the Candida species was present in other transplant cases.
A 2007 study published on the ‘Journal of Dental Health’, revealed that the elderly are often victims of oral yeast infection, and that taking probiotics can help reduce its growth. This study involved 276 people, who were administered either probiotic or cheese. A high salivary yeast count was the result, but lessened in the probiotic group, while an increase was noted in the cheese control group. Probiotics resulted in a 75% decrease.
These studies suggest that having an organ transplant can increase the chances of Candida overgrowth in the body and the oral cavity. However, a kidney or heart transplant can significantly increase the levels of the Candida albicans species, so if you are showing signs of oral Candida overgrowth after an organ transplant, then one should consult their GP immediately.
Also, the use of Probiotics can be very effective to reduce the Candida overgrowth within the mouth. Whereas eating cheese regularly has shown to increase Oral Candida, which may be down to fact that cheese does contain yeast, which the Candida spices really thrives on.
Yeast Infection in the Mouth Pictures:
Oral Candida in Transplant Recipients – 2009 – by Dongari-Bagtzoglou A, Dwivedi P, Ioannidou E, Shaqman M, Hull D, Burleson J. (Pubmed)
Probiotics Reduce Oral Candida –2007 – by K. Hatakka, A.J. Ahola, H. Yli-Knuuttila, M. Richardson, T. Poussa, J.H. Meurman, R. Korpela (Journal of Dental Health)