UTI or Urinary Tract Infection and yeast infection can even both occur at the same time in a person’s life. Both are different diseases and the treatment for either of the two is also different, but they show quite similar symptoms. So it is very important to know the differences between UTI and yeast infection.
Both these infections cause irritation and discomfort in the genital region and moreover a single woman can experience a UTI or yeast infection more than once in her lifetime. In both of these infections, the common symptoms include: itchiness, a pain and burning sensation. In case of UTI a person feels a frequent urge of urinating but actually nothing comes out, and it’s just that sensation which can be very discomforting.
Both this infections are caused by different agents. UTI occurs when there is an overgrowth of bacteria inside the urinary tract and yeast infection occurs when there is an over-abundance of Candida albican yeast cells in the genital tract which is a type of fungi.
The yeast infection affects parts of the genital tract like the vagina and vulvar region whereas Urinary tract infection mainly affects the body parts like the kidney, urethra, bladders and uterus. The urinary infection mainly starts developing from the urethra and slowly moves upward in the urinary tract. The symptoms are a dull pain in the abdomen. The infection in the urinary tract can even lead to the infection in the kidney so at this point of time it is very important to consult a doctor for proper medication. In urinary tract infection, doctors mainly prescribe antibiotics for the treatment and in case of yeast infection it is important to know that antibiotics can worsen the Candida yeast infection, as antibiotics kill the friendly bacteria in our body which prevents the growth of a yeast infection. Antibiotics also lower the pH of the genital tract and causes imbalance in hormones, again triggering the growth of yeast in the body. This is a major difference among UTI and yeast Infection, and sometimes treating a urinary tract infection with antibiotics can bring about a yeast infection as well.
As the urinary tract infection, yeast infections are also quite common among the females, but they are quite different from UTI. In these infections pain is felt often when the vaginal area or the labia is touched. Foul-smelling, cottage cheese like, thick discharge is also given out from the vagina. But unlike urinary tract infection, yeast infections are much easier to treat and home remedies are also available that can cure the infection. So it is vital not to confuse UTI and yeast infection because both require different care and attention.
Pain in the abdominal part
Even when there is very little urine to pass, then also the person will feel the urge of urinating and the urine will come out after a burning sensation in the genital tract.
The urine will be cloudy, dark in colour and foul smelling.
The person also suffers from chills and fever.
Pain while having intercourse
Cottage cheese like, thick and foul smelling vaginal discharge
Pain in the vaginal area while urinating
Itching and soreness in the vagina
Redness and swelling in the vulvar region
Pain at the swelling on the head of the penis
Treatment of Yeast Infection includes applying over the counter suppositories and cream, which are available at medical stores. Other than these using home-made remedies can also be helpful like eating unsweetened natural yoghurt, bathing with tea tree oil, adding apple cider vinegar to one’s diet, and maintaining a less sugary and yeast-free diet.
Treatment of Urinary tract Infection depends on where the infection has taken place and how severe it has become. In early stages when the infection is mild in the kidney or bladder, taking antibiotics for a week can help cure the infection. And if there is any ailment or chronic disease like diabetes, or if the patient is pregnant then it may take a bit longer. Intravenous antibiotics and aggressive treatment is required in cases where the infection has become severe and the person needs to be hospitalised.
So it is vital to understand the difference between: UTI and Yeast infection and they should not be neglected so that they do not become severe or incurable.
The possibility of Candida albicans causing urinary tract infection is a very uncommon; however this complication is found in some people. In-spite the fact that this problem is rare, many urine cultures require a great deal of explanation. It has been seen that the secretion from the prostate gland in male and periurethral gland in female are fungistatic in nature. Moreover the growth of Candida yeast on the mucous membrane may be suppressed by other floras. The causes that are directly related to Candida are: diabetes mellitus, weaken immune system, antibiotic use, and corticosteroids therapy. Lower urinary tract infection is due to the result of retrograde infection while renal infection is mostly indicated with Candida presence. Recognizing the clinical forms of Candida is a difficult task. They may be renal parenchymal infection, bladder infection, fungus ball formation which is critically difficult to differentiate. If the urine is found to have containing Candida organisms, patient should go for appropriate therapy.
Patients are considered to adopt flucytosine therapy when the Candida is confined in the bladder without indwelling bladders. In case of indwelling bladders amphotericin B is a successful solution. Flucytosine is advised when systemic Candidiasis is recognized.
UTI due to Candida albicans – Reviews of Infectious Diseases Journal – 1982 – By Fisher JF, Chew WH, Shadomy S, Duma RJ
Etiology of urinary tract infection – Disease a Month Journal – 2003 – By Allan Ronald, MD
Cranberry Juice & UTI – Clinical Infectious Diseases Journal – 2004 – By R. Raz, B. Chazan, and M. Dan